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Hey there ladies and gentlemen welcome to Friday night’s edition of civil 3D TV live uh we are going to be reviewing grading settings tonight I know that’s exciting stuff I know just before the weekend that’s the that’s the first thing you think of when you when you’re looking to get into the weekend but tonight we’re just going to spend roughly about an hour in order to kind of refresh our skills and at least kind of refresh my memory on certain aspects of uh of civil 3D so if you uh if you would like to learn more about civil 3D I highly encourage you to go to civil 3D Dot TV where this is a resource for folks if they’re looking to learn more and more about civil 3D free tutorials everywhere on the site you can sign up for email updates as well as a lot of other information here we’ve got free sessions where I’ve got uh some old coursework for civil 3D 2020 to 2022 where you can go through and essentially it’s it’s basically like a 10 hour course you know a free course that you can go through and uh learn about civil 3D the only drawback is ads just a lot of ads going on here but if you’re looking for a free course just to learn online feel free to go to I highly encourage that so um with that out of the way we’ll go ahead and dive into

some civil 3D like I said we’re going to be getting into review reviewing grading settings right now I’m in the the grading dash one drawing which is located in the installation files that are on your installation of civil 3D there’s actually a help file where you can grab a bunch of exercise files that come pre-installed with your installed copy of civil 3D and that’s where I’m pulling these from with a lot of the coursework that I provide to members only they’re getting actual exercise files that are actually broken down a little bit further as far as what we go through on every single piece of coursework you know line by line essentially so inspirational Nomad civil 3D for the wind for the wind for the wind what am I talking about the wind no not the wind wind but for the win yes sir thank you for showing up there Sam I appreciate you uh you cheering me on man in the chat and if anybody else has any comments within the chat if you have any questions about civil 3D as I go through this stuff feel free to uh to ask them I’ll do my best to uh to answer them to the best of my ability but uh I’m sure there’s a lot of other uh folks out there that that are very very uh keen on civil 3D that probably watch the live stream go ahead and chime in give us some of your knowledge so I’ll just leave that out there and then we will get started

let’s rock and roll I’ll bring up some

some of my notes Here and I’ll be pausing periodically to take a look at the chat oh wait a minute oh there is a way to look at the chat at the same time while I go through this stuff that’s what I want like I said folks we’re roughly going to spend about an hour on on this stuff roughly about an hour

so in this exercise we’re going to learn how to use grading settings we’re going to review grading settings we’ve got grading dash one open right now and in the tool space in the settings tab which is right here we’ve got our tool space settings tab and then um [Music] we’re going to be editing feature settings feature settings

and that’s located within the grading

now wait a minute did I get that wrong already did I get that wrong already come on right click on grading edit feature settings that’s where it’s at that’s where it’s at okay and the edit feature settings dialog box expand the general collection which is this

we’ve got the save command changes to settings

it’s currently saved to yes

then we have

yeah we’re going to leave that on yes this setting saves command settings for reuse for example if you create a grading and set the grade to five percent then five percent is the default value the next time you create a grading so that’s very helpful Sammy two dollar donation thank you sir you’re doing a great job thank you Sam I appreciate your generosity I appreciate your grace I appreciate you uh cheering me on everybody needs a cheerleader within their life everybody needs a cheerleader within their life and I just appreciate those those cheerleaders those mentors those people that are that try to push you in the direction that you know what a lot of times you know we we go in a direction that we might not necessarily want to go in at the time like you know if if you want to lose weight if you want to work out sometimes you need a cheerleader to to get your to get you going on a particular day so Sam’s just one of those guys I appreciate you Sam thank you sir I appreciate you God bless you

okay as we get into this

we’re going to expand what else let’s open this up a little bit further there’s a lot of settings in here folks a lot of settings it can be very very overwhelming

I mean look at all this stuff who wants to go through all this right

what am I looking for grade slope right here

we’re going to expand the collections for grade and slope which is right here

now it says here notice the options for unit format and precision the integer the integer value for precision specifies the number of digits to the right of the decimal places okay so in other words we’re going to be going with the Precision of of three decimal places so you know 10.000

you know you can change that to .00 um by just making that a two more or less but I’m going to keep this at uh at three

then that’s essentially it we’re going to get out of this overwhelming box this edit feature settings dialog box we’ll click ok

then we’re going to continue on to creating grading criteria creating grading criteria YouTube index me on creating grading criteria there’s a nice little little note within within my video my video is about an hour long this is the next portion YouTube dial me in

okay in this exercise you’ll create a grading criteria set for a ditch grading then create three criteria in the set each grading criteria provides us a standard formula for creating a graded slope individual criteria values can be locked so they cannot be changed for individual gradings and you’ll get to see that in a little bit and we’re going to create a criteria set now we’re still in grading dash one in the tool space go to the settings tab once again expand the grading collection

and then you’ll see right here we have the grading criteria sets let’s expand this

now this is where you’ll create a new grading criteria set then create two new criteria within a new set so what we’ll do we can right click on this and create a brand new one we get our grading criteria set properties dialog box

then we can name it we can name this ditch criteria set in the name field

you can enter in a description if you so choose but I’m just going to go ahead and click OK and you see that it shows up within our grading criteria sets now we’re going to create a grading criteria we’ll right click on the grading criteria set

then we’re going to select new

these are going to be for ditches

okay we’ve got our information Tab and the in the name field we’re going to type in distance at negative six percent

so it’s going to grade at a distance

at negative six percent okay you’ll see what that means very shortly if you don’t know what that means we’ll go to the criteria tab and this is where the magic happens the target is going to be distance

the distance is going to be 10 feet

the projection is going to be slope

format is going to be grade

and grade is going to be negative six percent

now for the grade parameter it’s a perimeter or parameter I think it’s parameter we’re going to lock this when you lock a grade value and grading criteria you are not prompted to specify its value each time you use the criteria okay so it becomes more or less like an automatic thing so we’re going to be clicking ok

and then we’re going to create a second grading criteria

we’re going to do this again we’re going to go into grading criteria sets once again we’re going to click on new

this time we’re going to call out surface

at four on one slope

click ok then we go through the same process that we went went through before we select the surf this new criteria set right click select new

wait a minute did I do that right let me go back in here properties yep I did that right okay


actually I think I did do that wrong I did that wrong I did it wrong I did it wrong

hear that everybody I did it wrong I’m going to delete this set

I’m going to put this in the ditch criteria set is going to be a brand new one new

don’t you hate to admit when you’re wrong

yeah nobody nobody likes to admit that they’re wrong

I think in engineering I think that we we kind of get into those areas quite often to where you know we kind of hate to admit that we’re wrong on on something but you know what I was wrong on this second grading criteria we’re going to type in surface

at four on one slope

because we’re keeping this stuff in the ditch criteria set

okay this one the target’s going to be surface

projection cut and fill slope you see all these options that come up when you choose different targets and whatnot you’ll see that when when we actually get into using these grading criteria you’ll see how the the command line will will begin to prompt us with with different different things this is essentially this criteria were were um giving the the command line or the command prompts just okay this is what I’m I want I’m going to be prompted with this is what’s going to be held and this is what’s going to be what’s what I’m going to be prompted with as I go through migrating um okay surface cut fill slope cut first set the following values for both the cut slope projection and fill slope projection property groups format it’s going to be slope it’s going to be four colon on one enter four on one enter

this criteria creates a grade two existing surface at a four on one slope make sense

uh in the chat inspirational Nomad says it’s okay revisions are a part of every project they are they’re totally a part of every project sometimes it becomes so overwhelming with the amount of revisions so many revisions it’s it can hard to keep track you know um usually whenever you get like a markup for from somebody if somebody makes a little a little change one little tick on a markup sometimes that means that it’s a drastic change that that drastically affects multiple sheets multiple parts of the project you name it so it’s just like man revisions they’re definitely a part of life definitely a part of projects for sure uh okay

we’ll click ok now we’re going to create a third grading criteria set

remember we’re going to go with we’re going to go under the ditch criteria set we’re not we’re not going to create a brand new grading criteria set we’re keeping it right in here

Sam says just like life many revisions for sure man for sure

for sure

we’re gonna go in here


elevation at three on one slope

and we’re going to set the following values for the criteria we’ll go into the criteria

Target is going to be a relative elevation

so that elevation could could move right along with the surface

relative elevation negative three feet

projection it’s going to be slope format it’s going to be slope and the slope is going to be three on one

this criteria creates a grade to a relative elevation of negative three negative three feet at us at a three to one slope then we’ll click ok so now we have our grading criteria set for our ditch and it’s nicely organized within the grading criteria sets as opposed to what I was originally doing which was creating individual uh grading criteria sets I’m keeping all of this very nicely organized like like I’ve been told to in this in this area right here okay all right next we’ll get into creating grading styles

one as we get into creating grading styles I’m going to pause for a moment and go back to uh

you know sometimes within engineering we might think that we’re wrong in certain areas but I’ve I’ve noticed that as a designer if you ask one engineer

how to do something another engineer will have a completely different answer for roughly the same thing so as a designer don’t get confused by thinking that everything has to be in a particular way like for example one engineer likes to grade uh parking lots that may be like a uh a one percent slope they use one percent as the minimum slope to grade out a parking lot well while another engineer will say no no no no no no no don’t do that great at a minimum of half a percent slope throughout the parking lot so one engineer might be super conservative with with their number while another engineer will have some ideas to oh no you don’t really have to do it that way so as a designer you may think that oh you know I I don’t know how to do this well you do you do know how to do certain things because um there are certain minimums that you can either be a little bit more conservative or less conservative with how you go about maybe arranging the way that maybe you grade a parking lot in in that example so when it comes to being wrong in engineering sometimes it can be a little subjective one engineer might argue with another engineer as to you know why why you do things in a particular way so that’s just one of the things that I struggled with as I was moving through my career that oh man this engineer says that I’m Wrong by doing it this way while another engineer will say no you’re fine you’re fine keep doing it the way that you’re doing it so I hope this is a bit of a encouragement to you

okay next we’re going to be getting into creating grading styles we’re still in grading dash one and then this exercise will continue from creating grading criteria we’ll create a new grading style and we’re going to be going into the tool space once again

tool space once again we’ll go into the settings tab

we’ll go into to the actually we’ll minimize this

we’ll expand the grading styles

we’re going to create a brand new one by right clicking on grading styles then select new

we’re going to type in ditch for the name and you can put in a description if you if you want to we’re going to hold off on that

click the display tab

and we’re going to change the color of the daylight line where’s the daylight line right here we’re going to change the color

we’re going to change this to a red and click ok

then we’ll click ok

actually I missed something let’s go back into ditch right click select edit

slope patterns we need to change that

slope patterns oops not this one this one

we’re going to click this check box and we’re going to leave it on basic there’s different slope pattern styles that we’ve got going on here

actually we’re going to copy the current selection we’ll go into this drop down copy basic then we’re going to call this

ditch slope

then we’ll go into the layout tab and it really gets into some of the cool parts right here with the different components you can see a little preview right here what that’s going to look like

in the component field select component two

this parameter table displays values for component two this is the second slope pattern component from the left side in this case it’s a long line with the tapered yeah you can basically see the the long line we’ve got a tapered line over here


and the slope line section we want to focus in on that

symbol type

symbol type here it is

tapered lines we’re going to select none see what happened right there

let’s change this again

what was it on tapered lines

I’m going to switch that back to none


we’ll click ok

so now rather than the slope pattern being on basic now it’s got that modified slope pattern now that we just put in which is going to be on Ditch slope

and that’s going to be associated with our our grading style for our for our ditch grading Style

and click ok

and the tool space on the settings tab the ditch grading style is added to the grading styles collection the ditch slope pattern is added to the general multi-purpose styles and slope pattern Styles collection which you can see right here so we’ve got we just went over grading criteria sets and grading styles and this is going to be for a ditch for a ditch so this changes basically the technical information used in order to create the ditch for the criteria set this grading Style is going to be affecting essentially the look of the ditch

okay let’s create gradings

okay before we get into that I’m going to take a little break here we’re at about half time uh we’re about 30 minutes in I’m going to take just a a short couple minute break and I will return very shortly

all right we are back that wasn’t even a minute was it was that like 30 seconds or so it wasn’t long I had to Wet My Whistle Aquafina

get a little bit of dry mouth as as your uh as you’re talking on this thing plus I just had dinner tonight and I had some some fast food usually I eat healthy throughout the week and then the weekends I save for you know eating junk food you know like fast food or whatever today I had uh Charlie’s uh Subs Charlie’s uh cheesesteaks or whatever I had a nice chick a buffalo chicken cheese steak it was it’s got it had all kinds of cheese it had everything on it and right now it was so salty that right now I’m really really thirsty right now but I’m sure a lot of you care

just thought I’d keep you updated on my dietary habits so we will move on to the next grading the next grading tutorial okay where am I at here where am I where am I

okay here we go

all right we just went through setting up grading standards reviewing grading settings creating grading criteria and creating grading styles now we’re going to be getting into creating some gradings and this will probably last we’ll go through it looks like about three different exercises hopefully that’ll get us to about an hour or so again if you have any questions I’ll do my best to answer them I could be wrong with my answers so feel free to investigate anything that uh anything I say I I am not a politician so feel free to look me up find out if I know what I’m talking about so uh okay I’m going to go through a little read here before I get into the exercise of creating feature lines okay here we go this tutorial demonstrates how to create a feature line and how to grade from a feature line you can create gradings from parcelot lines remember from Parcels from the last few live streams we were dealing with parcel lot lines well you can use parcel lot lines to grade from or you can use feature lines and we’re going to be diving into feature lines here shortly feature line is a linear object that grading commands can recognize and use as a Baseline

grading commands can recognize and use as a baseline when designing a grading you must often adjust the elevations along the feature line So within AutoCAD you have something called like you know like a 3D polyline right you have a 3D polyline however with uh you you can only I believe you can only specify you know if you’re going from one point to another on a 3D polyline I’m not sure if you can if you can insert points along the way well maybe you can maybe you can insert vertexes I don’t know there’s probably somebody out there that knows a little bit about this this stuff but with feature lines you can essentially grade at different points along just one stretch of feature line okay

okay in in the next two exercises we’re going to be creating three three feature lines assign elevation values along the feature lines using several methods create a set of gradings from one of the feature lines all right let’s get started creating feature lines

creating feature lines what I’m going to do is we can continue with what we’ve been doing for grading one but I’m actually going to go into

I’m going to continue with with what I’ve been doing in grading one with the modifications

I’m going to go to the Home tab

and then to the draw panel draw panel which is right here

we’re going to create a line click that drop down

we’re going to create a line

from the center of a

to the center of B and then to the center of C

then press enter now is this a special kind of line let’s check it out if we select it now it’s just a regular line regular line here as well okay no elevation has been assigned to it you see we have zero Z elevation on both ends of this line

okay then we’re going to go into the Home tab once again then over to the create design panel

then to the feature line drop down

we’re going to create feature lines from objects

our command line is asking us to select lines arcs polylines or 3D polylines to convert to a featured line or you can use an x-ref that’s nice I don’t really do that a whole heck of a lot but sometimes it can be very very helpful okay we’re going to select both of these lines

and then enter in the selection we get our create feature lines dialog box now notice you can assign a name to feature lines

which is right here you can do that right here if you so choose as they’re created naming significant feature lines can make it easier to assign targets when creating a corridor so for example sometimes when you’re creating a corridor you can have a long list of different feature lines well if you name your feature lines and you can kind of pinpoint what what you’re looking to connect to okay that’s where that’s where naming your feature lines can be very very helpful very important for this exercise you will assign names after the feature lines have been created so we’ll uncheck this box we’ll just leave it at its defaults

following this workflow enables you to create many feature lines at the same time but name only the most significant feature lines okay in the create feature lines dialog box go ahead and click ok well before we do that let’s let’s review some things here the lines are the lines are going to be converted to feature lines and added to site one remember remember sites within Parcels like we went through before we’ve got Parcels we can set it to none but we’re going to leave it on site one we want it to be within site one


when we add this feature line it’s going to be put on this layer you can change the layer right here if you see fit I’m going to cancel out of this cancel out of that or you can use the current layer a lot a lot of different options here or we can use the original entity layer for you know a polyline or the line but we are going to erase the existing entities we’ll leave that checked

we’re not going to be assigning elevations right now or weeding points just select ok and when we select this we now have two feature lines one here and one here so we’ve got multiple feature lines

okay next we’ll select both of these feature lines then right click and we’ll apply feature line names


we’re going to call these feature lines ABC

then we have a next counter

we’re going to click ok now if we in the tool space the prospector tab go into sites site one

if we look here we’ve got a section on feature lines there we go

we’ve got abc1 and abc2 if we want to we can right click on this

and it has its own well we can even select it what if we’re way let me zoom out we’re way over here for whatever reason okay we’re way over here and we want to we want to see the abc2 feature line right click

and hit select oh there it is I see it now so that can be helpful when you have so many feature lines and you name them properly then with a description with a descriptive name man that could be really helpful you know because there are times where you could be have you could have like three different parking lots on this site right and you’re you’re using feature lines to to generate your parking lot well which which feature line is for which set of feature lines are within parking lot one right you know which which feature lines are within parking lot two and so on and so forth that’s when applying a name to a descriptive name to multiple feature lines like we just did kind of kind of goes into effect because you’re not having a search all over the the site in order to find a particular feature line you can just look within the name you know one one set of feature lines could be uh the the edge of payment feature lines for parking lot number one or parking lot a or parking lot uh or Northwest parking lot you know that’s where naming your feature lines you know applying it to multiple feature lines can be very very helpful just a little just a little helpful hint take take it or leave it um okay

we’re going to draw another feature line we’re going to go into the Home tab I’m going to deselect this Home tab

create design panel feature line drop down

create feature line

we get our dialog box

for the name check box

we’re going to type in

c d e f

now this is essentially what I’m talking about as far as naming it naming the feature lines in a bulk fashion like what like what if I had I created a bunch of feature lines for parking lot number one that’s in the northwest corner of of our property I could name it parking lot one and then this next counter will name name it feature line you know parking lot one one one two one three one four you know so on and so forth you can change the next counter if you don’t want it to be a number you can highlight this click this button and for the name template the property Fields you can change this to like a style name you can do it you can do it that way or you can type in you know parking lot you know there’s a lot of different ways to go about it or the next counter

you have all of these different options we’ll leave it all one two three just for Simplicity we’ll cancel out of this

for the style check box we’re going to leave it on selected let’s check and see yeah we got a lot of different styles here a lot of different feature line styles

we even have a ditch Style

actually we’re going to change this to ditch I was mistaken on that

we’re going to be put putting this on a particular layer then click ok

we’ll go c d e f hopefully you can see this within the uh within the stream but we’ll go to the center of C oops it’s asking us to specify an elevation it see that it won’t let me go forward I tried to select the center of D but instead it’s asking me for an elevation or a surface

I’m going to type in 688 for d oh I’m sorry no that’s going to be for C 688 is for C

now you have a known value for starting elevation and the following steps you’ll use the transition command to defer entering elevation values at intermediate points along the feature line okay so we’ll stretch the feature line to click inside of Circle D

you see we have this little dashed line that shows up

you can even see right here what the distance is from C to D is it 319 0.93 the grade right now is at zero the slope is horizontal and the elevation is at 688 which is what our C elevation was set to

so what do we have here

we’re going to type in t for transition

then we’ll stretch

to the center of E

press enter now to accept transition once again then we’ll move to the center of f now after I click F what elevation do you think that it’s going to be set to

at the end of this transition

we’re going to select surface

then we’re going to accept the elevation of 712 for f

then we’ll press enter one time one more time to exit out of the command and you see how we have that ditch style that shows up see this dashed green feature line style that’s the that’s the feature line style if I go into the information and select instead of ditch go with uh Crown see how it changes the look that’s the feature line Style

or yeah ditch there we go

okay now

when we look within the the site one remember site one then feature lines we can look and see that we have a feature line this is one continuous feature line that shows up c d e f for the ditch

let’s check out the elevations

we can look at the quick elevation edit that’s what I usually use you can use like there’s like an inquiry command for C what elevation are we at 688 okay

we’re transitioning

at D it’s at this elevation

it’s basically two let’s look at the slope yeah here we go since we chose transition throughout this entire feature line you’ll see that each elevation is different however the slope is is taking the slope from C all the way to this the existing surface elevation that we specified of 712.06 for f so that’s how it’s coming up with that when I asked about what do you think the uh the grade is going to be for f well you can specify that with a surface elevation and civil 3D will create a transition going from C

with a consistent grade slope to f to the surface to the existing surface elevation so that’s what’s going on right there

okay so now we have three feature lines one oops one two and three

and that’s essentially the end of this particular exercise we can get into a few more maybe in a later stream but you know something to be honest with you I’ve never really created 3D uh polylines like from scratch I’ve always just converted them to 3D polylines

let’s try that

polylines polylines where are polylines 3D polylines can I type in 3D oops 3D polyline 3D poly let’s try that if I start from right here I’m just looking to see how a 3D polyline

is compared to a feature line this is just for uh Just for kicks okay the start point of of the polyline is going to be here

I’m going to go from there to there to there to there and press enter

it’s not really giving me too many options when it comes to Geometry I mean I can specify a Vertex elevation of I don’t know 700

is that for the entire thing

I can smooth it out

fit smooth what does that do that Smooths it out cubic I mean I rarely I know that Architects I think tend to use a lot of 3D polylines and that’s one of the frustrations when when we get you know drawings from uh from Architects sometimes because they’re using 3D polylines sometimes on certain things and it’s like man why did you do it that way you made a mistake right but no it’s just a different way of doing things you know like throughout throughout a process you know you you have a lot of different things that happen within a process within a design process and at every point you know one party can look at another party as saying you made a mistake you know it it could be you know but maybe within their process no it’s not an issue it’s no problem only when it gets transitioned to only when uh something is transitioned to another phase within a project then it’s like oh wait a minute no that’s wrong that needs to be changed you know so I don’t know designers kind of kind of know my pain on this uh uh what else

what happens if I go into my if I select my Surface right click

oh wait a minute am I too low here

object viewer let’s select that if I open this up

I can rotate this

oh where’d my stuff go

got a 3D wireframe conceptual this is kind of nice how it kind of renders everything out

hidden realistic that’s kind of cool does it show any of my feature lines anywhere

I don’t think so what if I rotate oops no I don’t want to do that

here’s my looks like that’s my feature line right here well that’s my 3D polyline

I’ve never done looked at some of this stuff before folks I’m I’m just shooting off the cuff right now

here’s our feature line here and here here’s ABC one abc2 and then here’s the actual feature line that we created for C D E and F

yeah just screwing around here at the end of this uh this live stream we’re roughly at about an hour right now

and just messing around now you can really see what’s going on with uh with our feature lines and width

with all this information anyways

we’ll leave that as is as we’re winding down folks again I want to thank you for catching me on this live stream on gratings we’re probably going to dive in we might dive into gradings a little bit more in the next live stream but uh we might be transitioning into um I will stick with gratings we’ll move into editing gradings and building a complex building footprint but as always if you guys don’t don’t already know about this free tutorials over at over here you can get free sessions just like just like this live stream you can get a whole course for free on this website if you go into free sessions then civil 3D 2020 to 2022 this will take you into everything it’s about 10 hours worth of information free on this website you select first one navigating the interface this will bring you into navigating the interface it’s got like a little read this is basically the the subtitles but you come into here and then I’ll the only the thing it’s about oh it’s about a half hour long for this particular um session but the only the thing that you’re going to be dealing with on these free sessions is ADS there’s going to be ads like every five minutes or so so if you’re willing to deal with that you can get all that stuff for free or you can become a member and get all of my course content

right here by signing up for a free three-day trial for civil 3D Essentials you go to you can sign up for a free three-day trial and that goes into uh we’ve got about 11 videos on profiles designing simple profiles creating and displaying surface profiles and there’s also the exercise files that you can download right here currently I’m I’m working on

I’m working on Parcels if you go into Parcels you’ll see that there’s only three videos in there for right now I’ve got a Parcels course for civil 3D 2000 20 to 2022 I’m I give that away for free however right now I’m just working up on I’m working my way through each uh category and right now I’m on Parcels I’m going to be building up this up to about about 10 different uh different videos they’re you they’re roughly about anywhere from three to five minutes long so it kind of breaks everything down within each category of civil 3D so if you have time feel free to peruse that or you can become a member on YouTube and it’s essentially the same thing as this however this gives you a three-day trial to all all my stuff where YouTube doesn’t allow you to do that it doesn’t give you the all access pass you can see right here interface 2020 to 2022 eight videos

along with the exercise files so just wanted to bring that to your attention until next time folks take care have a great weekend I’ve enjoyed uh spending time with you guys on the these hour-long live streams again if you have any questions feel free to drop a line in the comment I’ll do my best to answer it or you know hit me up next time in the chat next time I go on on a live stream so until next time folks take care God bless and peace